In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community (the town square of which is now located at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107). The town was named Chapin in honor of one of the developers. It became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from the previous county seat when Dennis Chapin was involved in the shooting death of Oscar J. Rountree at the Dan Breen Saloon in San Antonio, Texas, the community changed its name to Edinburg to honor John Young, a prominent businessman who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The town was incorporated in 1919.
Edinburg Texas is located at (26.304225, -98.163751).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.4 square miles (97 km2), of which, 37.3 square miles (97 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.13%) is water.
Population of Edinburg, as of the census of 2000, there were 48,465 people, 14,183 households, and 11,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.9 people per square mile (500.7/km²). There were 16,031 housing units at an average density of 429.0 per square mile (165.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 22.67% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.68% of the population. About 95% of those who selected the “other race” were Hispanic or Latino.
There were 14,183 households out of which 46.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.71.
In the city the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,938, and the median income for a family was $30,634. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $21,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,854. About 25.2% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.
Colleges and universities
Primary and Secondary Education
Almost all of the city is served by the Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District, comprising four high schools, one alternative secondary school, six middle schools, and 20 elementary schools. A small portion is served by the McAllen Independent School District, including Memorial High School, Cathey Middle School, and McAllen’s Gonzalez Elementary.
In addition, the South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve Edinburg. South Texas Business Education & Technology Academy (BETA) is in Edinburg. Students from Edinburg also have the chance to attend other South Texas ISD schools in Mercedes -South Texas High School for the Medical Professions and The Science Academy of South Texas.
The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates St. Joseph Catholic School, an elementary and middle school.
This city is the home of the Edinburg Roadrunners, an independent league baseball team in the North American League.
Nearest RGV Cities
- Alamo, Texas
- Brownsville, Texas
- Donna, Texas
- Harlingen, Texas
- Hidalgo, Texas
- McAllen, Texas
- Mercedes, Texas
- Mission, Texas
- Pharr, Texas
- Reynosa, Tamaulipas
- San Juan, Texas
- Weslaco, Texas
Nearest Major Cities
- Corpus Christi, Texas
- Laredo, Texas
- Matamoros, Tamaulipas
- Monterrey, Nuevo León
- Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
- Reynosa, Tamaulipas